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Live casinos or “live” casinos offer the opportunity to play with real dealers without visiting a gambling establishment but using only an online resource. Real dealers are in special studios with video cameras, from where the game is broadcast. A live casino is an online casino that is run in real-time by live human dealers. As such, players can play using their computers and have a full gaming experience like in a real land-based casino. Some live casinos even allow players to use a mobile device to play live games.

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There are currently 400 names in this directory
3 Card Poker / Three Card Poker
3 Card Poker is an American version of a British game called “Brag”. This game originated over three hundred years ago as a game known as Primera — a fast moving betting game using only three cards and played against the house. Three Card Poker now most commonly refers to a quick and simple casino game named after poker due to its similar (but not identical) hand ranking system. Unlike regular poker, Three Card Poker has each player trying to beat the dealer or simply get dealt a good hand, rather than compete against each other.

a maximum of seven players."

Refers to playing poker with an optimal mindset or mental state. Also referred to as playing poker “in the zone”.

It can be used as a measure of how easy or difficult it is to participate in a particular type of gambling. Levels and types of gambling access are considered when determining applications for gaming venue licenses or planning permits. For pokies, the social impact in a community is often measured by considering the number of machines per 1,000 people.

The highest or lowest ranking card in a deck. The word Ace originates from As in Latin, meaning a unit or unity. And by 1533 the use was extended to cards.

Ace High
A made hand without at least a pair where the high card is an Ace.

Aces Up
Two pair, one of which is Aces.

ACS (Automatic Card Shuffler)
A machine used in some land based venues to automatically shuffle one or more decks of cards.

It refers to the total sum of money that is put into the play by a player in the table through any of the available options such as bet, raise, call, check, fold etc. .

Advantage Player
A person who relies on mathematical formulas and other legal techniques to win. This term may also refer to a person, who uses casino bonuses and various offers to maximize their advantage. A casino player who is able to legally gain some kind of advantage over the house. The term is typically used for players who can successfully count cards in blackjack, but can also apply to craps players who use dice control or players who know how to gain maximum value from bonuses and comps.

Aggregate Limit
The amount to be paid in a single hand by casino is termed as aggregate limit.

Aggregate Payout Limit
A win limit sometimes used on certain table games, like Let It Ride

AI (All In / Shove / Jam)
When you bet your entire bankroll on one betslip. Refers to the act of putting all of one’s chips in the middle on one betslip.

Refers to a player’s online screenname. Players who predominantly play online are often known by their alias/screename.

All Out
The whopping effort of a team to score in the last minutes or a horse at the last meters of the race.

Angle Shooting / Angle
Angle shooting refers to manipulation of the rules to gain an unfair advantage.

A forced mandatory and initial bet payment made by all players at the table before any cards are dealt. Tournaments often make use of antes in the later stages.

Any Two
Expression in Hold’em used to indicate an action that can be taken regardless of the hole cards - “I would 3bet any two cards in that spot”.

AO (Add-on)
Add on refers to the additional count of chips that can be added by the players to the bankroll at the time of tournament.

Arm denotes a player with exceptional dice throwing skills.

ATC (Any Two Cards)
An expression used to convey that the 2 hole cards don’t matter in a certain Hold’em situation.

Auto Roulette
A game of Roulette that uses a wheel spun by an automated device rather than a live dealer.

B&M Casino (Brick & Mortar Casino)
Actual casino that is offline; that has a physical presence in which players meet face to face.

Baccarat / Punto Banco
Baccarat is one of the most popular casino games.

Refers to a draw that needs to catch two consecutive cards in order to complete.

Lending money to a poker player and receiving a percentage of their poker profits in return.

Refers to a re-raise made after just calling earlier on the same street.

Bad Beat
Refers to losing a hand of poker after getting unlucky. Often the money goes in as a favourite and our opponent “sucks out”.

Bad Beat Jackpot
A large prize awarded to a player who loses a hand despite having an exceptionally strong holding. Or a type of jackpot offered by some poker portals. The size and exact terms may vary. In most cases, 50% goes to the losing hand, 25% to the hand that beat it, and the last 25% split between the rest of the players.

Balance is the amount of money that the user has for making the bets.

Banker / House / Casino Gaming Associate
Casino is of Italian origin; the root casa means a house. The term casino may mean a small country villa, summerhouse, or social club. The position also administers the handling of casino chips and pay-outs to winning customers and confirms that all losing bets/wagers are collected properly by the dealer.

Barred refers to the players whose account or IP address is banned by the online casino.

Refers to making a bet after already being the last aggressor on the previous street.

BB (Big Blind)
The first blind bet a player must make before the cards are dealt. The size of a Big Blind equals the first bet. Opposite is a Small Blind, which is a half of the first bet’s size. The position at the table to the direct left of the small blind. This position pays the mandatory big blind payment preflop.

A player who conceals the identity of another player is termed as beard.

When there is a dispute between casino and player, it is termed as beef.

Beginner’s Luck
When a new player wins due to the luck factor, it is termed as beginner’s luck.

Bet / Wager
Any form of wager or real-money at stake. An amount of money put at risk for the chance of winning. To “bet” means to make the first wager on the current betting round.

Bet Max / Maximum Bet
When the Bet Max button is clicked by the players, the maximum number of coins get placed on bet for all the active paylines.

Bet Min / Minimum Bet
Through the Bet Min button, the bet gets automatically set to the minimum possible amount as well as the largest wager permitted in a casino game such as roulette or blackjack.

Betting Account / Wagering Account / Gaming Account
An electronic ledger for a cashless wagering system patron deposit account reflecting deposits, withdrawals, and wagering account transfers to and from a game.

Betting Account Transfer / Wagering Account Transfer
An electronic transfer of wagering credits between a cashless wagering system wagering account and a game.

Betting Layout
The area of a gaming table where players can place their chips to make their chosen bet(s).

Betting Limits / Bet Limit / Bet Threshold / Table Limit
The maximum or minimum amounts at which players can bet at the time of game refers to the betting limits. Casinos implement table limits that safeguard their revenue and prevent a player from winning more than they can afford to pay out.

Big Bet
Refers to the larger of the two designated bet-sizings in fixed limit games. The big bet sizing is usually employed on the later rounds of betting once the pot is typically larger.

Big Two / Big Dai Di / Chor Dai Di / Da Lao We / Chinese Poker
This is a well known and popular card game in Asia Poker. So, people called it as Big deuces 2. It is a popular playing card game all throughout Asia. The object of the game is to be the first to get rid of all your cards. Ideally played with four people, big two is simple to pick up and quick to play.

Bingo is a game of chance in which each player has a book(s) with a predetermined pattern of numbers, usually 15 numbers between 1-90. The numbers are called out randomly and players mark off the number if it appears on their book. The first player to cover the nominated pattern of numbers, or all numbers, calls out BINGO and wins the prize.

Bitcoin Casino
The term 'Bitcoin casino' can refer to any online casino or sports betting agency that accepts Bitcoin either in preference (or alongside) fiat currency.

Blackjack / Twenty-One
Originated in France where it was known as 21 or Vingt-et-un but is a spin-off of the Spanish game of 31 (or Trente-et-un) played in the 1400s. It is a well known online casino game that has many variations including American Blackjack, Spanish 21, Blackjack Switch and many more.

A card which does not influence the action in any meaningful way. (Usually a low card where no draws complete).

Blinds / Blind Bet
To perform an action blind means to do it without looking at our cards. When players are required to place forced bets even before seeing the cards, they are called blinds.

A “blocker” is a card that has a card removal effect on villain’s range. For example, if we hold a King in our hand, it’s less likely that villain has a King in his hand.

Blocker Bet
A small bet made in the hopes of preventing our opponent making an even larger bet if checked to.

Blue Chips
Blue chips are usually worth $10, but it can vary. They are the highest value chip in a classic three-colour poker chipset.

A bet made with a weak hand in the hopes of getting our opponent to fold a better hand.

To call with a hand that can only win if our opponent is bluffing.

Board Games
This is a roll and move game in which players move around a board and play different games of chance based on what space they land.

Bomb Pot
Where all players agree to place an additional ante into the pot at the beginning of the hand before cards are dealt.

A non-human player at the tables. While illegal on most sites they still find a way of making it to the tables.

A prize that can be collected after knocking a specific player out of a tournament. A bounty is often put on the head of professional players, especially those that are sponsored pros at the site in question.

Box Cars
In craps, double sixes.

This is a popular British gambling game. It is sometimes said to be similar to poker, but in fact it is much older and the method of betting is different. The basic game of three-card Brag was one of the games described by Hoyle, and therefore dates from the late eighteenth century or earlier. It is almost identical to the popular Indian game Teen Patti ("three cards").

Break-even Point
When a player wins the same amount that they wagered previously.

Breaking the Bank
Winning a big amount in a casino game is termed as breaking the bank.

A term for a card that doesn’t complete any possible draws. Especially a low offsuit card.

Bridge is a 4-person game. There are always four people at the table, working in pairs that sit opposite each other, while their opponents are to the left and right. Each player gets 13 cards. So, there are a total of 52 cards in play during the game also.

A forced payment made by the player with the worst upcard on the third street in tud. Said player can either pay the bring-in or “complete” to the small bet amount if he likes his cards.

It refers to a variance of Poker that is played against casinos with three cards.

Broadway / Ace-high Straight
Any card out of Ten, Jack, Queen, King and Ace can be referred to as a “broadway”. The Ace-high straight is also referred to as “broadway”.

The stage of a tournament directly before any player has made the prizepool.

In Poker, bug refers to the wildcard which can be used only for creating flushes and straights.

In live poker games it is common for the dealer to “burn” cards to help minimize the possibility of cheating. Rather than deal from the top of the deck, the top card is discarded (or “burned”) and the second card is dealt.

Burn Card
A card that is taken from the top of the deck and discarded after a shuffle or before a new round of cards is dealt.

Bust / Busted
An expression frequently used in a game of Blackjack when either the player or the dealer gets dealt a hand with a value of 22 or more. The term “busted” refers to a draw (such as a straight-draw or flush-draw) that missed its card and did not complete.

The button is the most profitable seat at the poker table. It's to the right of the small blind (SB) and to the left of the cutoff (CO).

The amount required to join a game of poker. In cash games this can vary (within specified limits) while the buy-in amount is fixed for tournaments. Ability to buy a place in a poker tournament and the amount of money needed to do it. Many tournaments have a point system buy-in, thus they are only accessible to those who can earn points in the specified casinos and games. There are also no buy-in tournaments that are open to everyone for free.

Refers to playing poker with a poor mental state.

Cage is a place where a lot of money is stored in casinos. Usually includes the cashier’s desk too.

Call / Flat
To “call” means to match the existing wager on the current betting round. When players accept the current set of wager by the previous players before passing action to another player who is sitting in clockwise direction to them.

Calling Station
Refers to a bad poker player who calls far too frequently.

Calling Your Bluff
"Calling your bluff" means that your opponent suspects you are bluffing and correctly makes the call.

When players try to camouflage their current hands, playstyle and identity, it is termed as camouflage.

A cap game is one where there is a limit placed on the maximum amount of chips that can be wagered postflop.

It is a kind of cheating that involves removing or adding chips from bets after declaration of outcome.

Card Counting
Keeping track of which cards have been dealtin blackjack to have a better idea of which cards are likely tobe dealt next. When done successfully, card counting can give a player an edge over the casino.

Card Games
It is any game using playing cards as the primary device with which the game is played, be they traditional or game-specific.

Card Removal / Blocker Effect
The effect that our holding has on the possible combinations of hands that villain can hold.

Card Shark
Card Shark is a term that denotes a person who has expertise in the card games.

Card Washing
A card shuffling technique where a dealer will spread all the cards on the table and mix them around.

Caribbean Stud Poker
It is a popular casino table game that is based upon five card stud poker.

Refers to the last card of a certain rank in the deck. For example, if there are already three Aces in play, the final Ace in the deck is referred to as “the case Ace” if it is dealt.

Case Card
The term 'case card' refers to the last card in the deck of a certain rank - e.g 'the case ace' means the last ace in the deck.

Cash Game / Ring Game
This is a singular game poker format where players are free to buy in and leave at any time.

To have funds from your online account sent back to you via the payment option of your choice.

Cashier’s Desk
The area of a casino where players can exchange their chips for cash.

Cashless Betting / Cashless Wagering
A betting mechanism in which a player maintains an electronic account that employs multi-source authentication.

Cashout Time
The amount of time your winnings travel from the casino to the payout service provider (bank, e-wallet, etc.).

Casino / House
1. Meaning a club or public building where social activities, including gambling, took place. Originated in Italy in the 19th century. 2. A colloquial term referring to the entity that is running the current poker game. I.e. the casino in most cases. 3. A gambling establishment where gambling games with declared monetary or other property winnings.

Casino Advantage / House Advantage
Mathematical advantage which online casinos have over the players is known as casino advantage or house edge.

Casino License
For an online casino to be able to operate it must acquire a license. The most common licenses are the ones issued by Malta (MGA), UK (UKGC) and Curacao. Bear in mind that a casino must be licensed within the EU for winnings to be tax-free. Therefore you may want to make sure that the casino has a UK or Malta master license. This is most often displayed at the very bottom of the page on casinos. A casino may also hold multiple licenses.

Casino Lobby / Lobby
Page within the licensee’s gaming site showing the casino games that can be viewed by registered player. The area of an online casino where you can choose which games you are going to play.

Casino Result
Casino result is calculated as player bets, minus player wins, minus player compensation, minus regulated market gaming tax.

Casino Rewards
The additional bonuses or prizes earned by the players are termed as casino rewards.

Casino Table Games / Table Games
These are games generally involving cards or dice which are offered at casinos. Popular casino table games are Blackjack, roulette, baccarat, craps and poker.

Chase / Chasing
Chase means a player continues gambling with a hope of recovering from previous losses by increasing stakes. 

To “check” means to make no wager. The action instead passes to the player on our left. Note that checking is only a valid option if no wager has been made on the current betting round.

To make a raise where our previous action on the current street was to check.

Chicago Poker / Follow the Queen
Both Chicago Poker High and Chicago Poker Low are close relatives to Seven Card Stud Poker. Unlike Seven Card Stud, however, at showdown the pot is spilt between the best hand (high or low) and the player with the highest (in high) or lowest (in low) Spade hole card.

Chip (s)
Gold nuggets were common gambling currency in the 1900s but by the late 1800s casinos had created standardized chips to denote monetary values. Typically plastic discs, these are tokens used to represent real money at the gaming tables.

Chip and a Chair
Refers to the idea that a player can still go on win an entire poker tournament even if they are down to their last chip.

Chip Dumping
The act of using online poker as a means to facilitate illegal money transfers.

Chip Tray
Usually found in front of a dealer at a gaming table, this holds the chip inventory for that table.

CO (Cutoff)
The position at the poker table to the direct right of the button. Provides a good opportunity for stealing the blinds.

To follow someone else’s betting patterns.

The act of getting the chips in with roughly 50% pot equity.

Coins are another type of currency used in online casinos.

There are times when players are on a losing streak, it is referred to as cold.

Cold Deck
An expression used to indicate that we are getting a bad run of cards.

Cold Streak
An extended run of bad luck.

A call made on the first betting round where said call is the player’s first action on that betting round.

The term “collusion” refers to a type of cheating where 2 or more players secretly work together to win chips off other unsuspecting players.

Color / Colouring Up
The act through small denomination chips are exchanged with the larger ones by the players are termed as color up..To trade chips with a low value for a smaller number of higher denomination chips to make the chip stack easier to handle.

Columns Bet
An Outside Roulette bet placed simultaneously on 12 non-consecutive numbers displayed in one of three columns on the betting table; pays 2:1.

Refers to a specific combination of cards.

Combo Draw
Refers to a drawing hand with multiple draw components. Most often this will be a straight draw which is also a flush draw.

Community Board
Five cards dealt face up in the center of Texas Hold'em table; all players can use them in combination with their own two cards to create the highest-value poker hand.

Community Cards / Board
Community cards are placed in the center of the table in Hold’em and Omaha, or “upcards” in Stud variants of poker; all players may use them in constructing their 5-card hand. Not all poker variants use community cards. The most common community card variants are Omaha and Hold’em.

To give players free drinks/ food/ accommodation in exchange for their playing activity.

Comp Hustling
The act of playing specific games, or playing in a specific way, so as to maximize the value of comps relative to the amount lost at the tables or slot machines.

Comp Points
These are the reward points through which different prizes earned by the players and can be exchanged for the chips.

Can refer to calling in the small blind when facing an open limp in Omaha or Hold’em. It can also refer to raising to the small bet sizing when playing the bring-in in Stud games.

Refers to a hand that contains cards of consecutive rank.

Continuation Bet
Refers to betting on the current street after being the last aggressor on the previous street.

Proportion of bets that count towards bonus wagering requirement; usually varies according to game type.

A “cooler” is a situation where our hand is clearly too strong to fold but ends up being beaten by an even stronger hand.

A situation where a previously strong hand loses a huge chunk of its value after further cards are dealt.

Carries the connotation of outdrawing a strong hand. “My pocket Aces got cracked!”

Cracking the Nut
This term refers to the players who earn sufficient money for covering their expenses along with making profits.

A game played with 2 dice; also an outcome of 2, 3 or 12 rolled during the Come-Out (initial) Roll

To make such a strong hand that there is no way our opponent can ever outdraw us. “We flopped big and crippled the deck”.

This term is used for dealers by the players who chat about different things except the game in front of players.

CSM (Continuous Shuffling Machine)
A machine used in some land based venues to automatically and continuously shuffle the cards during game play. They are typically used in blackjack to combat card counters.

Cut Card
A blank plastic card that is used to cut a deck of cards.

D’Alembert Betting System
This system was created by Jean Le Rond D’Alembert,  a mathematical genius, in the 18th century for creating a profitable system which can be used in online casinos by players.

Dark Bet
A bet made without waiting to see which additional cards are dealt on the current street.

Dead Man’s Hand
Two pair, Aces and Eights (at least according to most sources).

Dead Money
Money in the pot that is not being actively fought for and hence considered up for grabs. Exceptionally weak poker players may also be referred to as ‘dead money’.

The action through which cards are dealt in the card games is called deal.

Dealer / Croupier
Originally a croupier (dealer) was someone who stood behind a gambler feeding them cash. Now it’s the person in charge of the casino action. The person who is responsible for handling and cards in the casino games is known as a dealer. Croupier is a French word that is used for the casino dealers. Often used in table games such as roulette and blackjack. Live casino with real dealers is broadcast in real time from GamingSoft’s studio in Malta.

Dealer's Choice
A poker game where the dealer of the hand is allowed to select which poker variant will be played for that orbit/hand.

Deck refers to the collection of playing cards in an online casino game.

Deck Penetration
The term used to describe the (approximate) percentage of a deck, or decks, of cards before they are shuffled.

Degenerate Gambler
The person who gambles excessively and more frequently is known as a degenerate gambler.

A type of range construction involving the top x% of holdings and zero bluffs.

When funds get added to the online casino account of players, it is known as deposit.

Deposit Method
The payment method used to deposit funds to your online casino account. Popular deposit methods include credit cards, debit cards, e-wallets, and bank transfer.

Desktop Games
Term to describe all casino games that are available to players on their desktop PC or Mac (including laptops).

Deuce refers to the “two” number in an online casino game.

A small cube with each side having a different number of spots on it, ranging from one to six, thrown and used in gambling and other games involving chance.

Dice Control
A method of throwing dice that gives a player an increased likelihood of throwing, or not throwing, certain numbers. There is some debate about whether this is actually possible.

It refers to the bets which can be placed in online as well as land based casinos.

Dime Bet
$1000 wager in Poker is termed a dime bet.

Dirty Money
The losing bets that are collected by the dealer at the end of a game.

Dirty Stack
A chip stack that has not been correctly organized (considered bad etiquette or even cheating in some cases). Denominations of chips should be grouped together in piles with the larger denominations at the front of the chip stack.

Discard Tray
Usually found to the right of a dealer at a gaming table, this is where played or discarded cards are placed.

Dominated Hand
A hand that usually loses to the one of the popular played hands.

Domination is where a weak draw or made hand is likely to be running against an even bigger draw/hand when there is a lot of action.

To “donk bet” means to make a bet out of position on the current street after closing the action by calling on the previous street. The term can also be used to describe an exceptionally weak player at the table.

Door Card
A door card in Stud is the first upcard dealt to a player. Although it belongs exclusively to the player, it is visible to the entire table.

Double Down
Double one's Blackjack bet after having been dealt the first two cards; only one additional card can be received after doubling.

Double or Nothing
When double of the previous wager is placed for breaking the even.

Doubling Up / Double Up / Martingale System
It is one of the best known and oldest gambling systems of the world. 1. It is one of the best known and oldest gambling systems of the world. 2. An option given in many slots and video poker games to risk winnings for double in fair odds, even money game; 3. A common option in 21 games to double an initial wager.

Down to the Felt
It refers to the players who are undergoing completely broke.

“Downcard” in Stud refers to any cards that are dealt face down to the player. They belong exclusively to the player and are not visible to the rest of the table.

Download Casino
A type of online casino where you have to download software in order to play the games.

Refers to a prolonged period of losses.

Dozens Bet
An Outside Roulette bet placed simultaneously on 12 consecutive numbers displayed in one of the three areas displayed on the betting table (1-12, 13-24 and 25-36); pays 2:1.

It is basically a two-card version of baccarat. To be more specific, two cards are drawn, one to the Dragon and one to the Tiger. The player bets on which one will be higher.

Refers to a situation where are waiting on cards to complete our hand. For example, if we have four diamonds (and are waiting on that fifth diamond to make the flush) we have a “flush draw”. The term Draw also refers to a selection of poker variants where competitors replace cards in their hand with cards from the deck on each betting round. In Blackjack casino games, draw means the process of asking for extra cards.

Drawing Dead
A hand that will lose no matter what kind of card you draw next. A situation where none of our outs will give us the best hand. I.e. we have no shot to win. A hand that needs one or more specific cards to win.

It means surrendering which allows dropping the hand and keeping half of the initial stakes.

Refers to a board texture where there are very few (if any) possible draws.

Early Position
Refers to the first two or three seats on a full ring poker table. It refers exclusively to the lojack on a 6-handed table.

Effective Stacks
Refers to the smaller of two stacks in play. The larger stack can’t wager more chips than the shorter stack has in play. The size of the shorter stack is hence referred to as the “effective stack”.

En Plein
It is used in Roulette casino games that means placement of plain bets or single number betting.

A method used by online casinos to ensure that financial transactions and private information are encoded and protected from hackers.

End-of-the-Day Betting Effect
It denotes the behaviour of the players who are reaching the end of the gaming session.

Describes the likelihood of a certain hand winning at showdown assuming it doesn’t fold.

Equity Calculator
A tool used to calculate the equity of hands/ranges against other hands/ranges.

Even Money Bet
A bet with payout odds of 11, meaning the potential amount won is equal to the initial stake (the initial stake is also returned). A winning $10 even money bet would return a total of $20.

The “expected value” of a certain play indicates how profitable we expect a certain play to be in the long run.

Expected Win Rate
The percentage of the total amount wagered at a game that you can expect to win back. For example, in a game with a 95% expected win rate you would expect to win roughly $95 for every $100 wagered in the long run (net losses would be $5).

Eye In The Sky
For monitoring gaming tables, overhead cameras that are used in casinos are termed as eye in the sky.

Face Card / Paint
A slang term used for certain specific cards including king, queen and jack in a deck of cards are termed as face cards. A term used to designate any cards between (and including) Jack and Ace: the artwork often contains a picture of a face on these cards of the deck.

Face Down Card / Down Card
A card dealt unexposed – i.e. facing the table.

Face Up Card / Up card
A card dealt exposed – i.e. facing upwards.

Family Pot
Refers to a pot where most of the players do not fold on the initial betting round. For example, in a 6-handed Hold’em lineup, perhaps 5 or 6 players.

This is an ancient Asian gambling game which was popular in the 19th century. The table is designed with a central box and the sides labelled 1 to 4. Players playing this game bet on the numbers in the opaque container which the dealer uses to reveal the winning numbers.

To come out betting and raising when holding a strong made hand.

FATG (Fully Automated Table Game / Automated Table Games)
These are casino table games where players place their bets on a terminal rather than at a table. Blackjack, roulette and baccarat are popular casino games offered as automated table games. There are two forms - a Semi Automated Table Game (SATG) which involves players betting on a terminal on a live outcome, and a Fully Automated Table Game (FATG) which involves players betting on a terminal on an automated or virtual outcome.

Indicates that a certain hand or player is statistically likely to win.

FH (Full House / Full Boat / Boat)
A Poker hand consisting of three cards of one rank and two cards of another / one pair (e.g. three 9's and two Aces).

It denotes the device that is used in Roulette casino games.

In craps, a bet that pays when 2, 3, 4, 9, 10, 11, or 12 is rolled.

Fifth Street
In one of the Poker rounds, Fifth street is a specific stage. A stud game term used to describe the third betting round (the street on which every remaining player is dealt a fifth card).

It denotes a player who does betting of big amounts of money continuously.

It denotes the players having a tendency of losing often.

The fifth bet in a betting sequence.

Flash Casino / Instant Casino
An online casino which allows players to play games directly through their browsers by employing flash technology.

Flat Betting
When a person does betting of the same amount on each hand that they play, it is termed as flat betting.

It denotes the most irritating person on the casino table.

A call made with a speculative holding, having the intention of bluffing on a later street. In modern times this term has been re-appropriated to describe a “bet vs missed c-bet while in position”.

The second betting round in community cards such as Omaha and Hold’em. The term “flop” also refers to three community cards that are dealt face up on the table during said betting round.

1. In poker games, a set of (usually 5) cards of one suit. Ranks above straight and below full house in most games; 2. To manually turn off the pending period for a withdrawal.

To “fold” means to discard our holding in a scenario where we don’t wish to match the wager made on the current street.

The fourth bet in a betting sequence.

Fourth Street
In a Poker round, Fourth street is a specific stage. The second betting round in Stud. It's called 'fourth' because players have been dealt four cards at this stage.

Free Card
A card seen without having to invest additional chips. Times when you see the river or turn not betting yourself.

Refers to the total amount of funds a player has at his disposal for the purpose of playing poker.

Fund Management
The strategies which govern when to move up and down in limits.

To risk something on a game of chance. This expression first cropped up in Middle English texts in 1726, originally meaning to 'play, jest or be merry'.

Gambler’s Fallacy
The mistaken belief that the outcome of a random event is influenced by previous outcomes. Believing that the next spin of the roulette wheel must be black because the previous ten spins have all been red is an example of gambler’s fallacy.

Gambler’s Ruin
A gambling strategy which can bankrupt or ruin any player who uses it is termed as gambler’s ruin.

Gambling / Betting / Wagering
Gambling/betting requires a player to risk losing something of value (usually money) for the chance of winning more. Gambling outcomes may depend on correctly predicting an uncertain outcome (such as a particular horse coming first in a race), or luck (such as a winning combination of symbols on a pokie machine).

Gambling Act
The legislation that received Royal Assent in 2005 regarding the modernisation of the laws relating to betting and gaming within the UK

Gambling Certificate / Gambling License
A gambling license is a certificate of authority issued by a licensing authority and is typically required by organizations that offer any type of games of chance or those that involve wagering, such as roulette, poker and slots.

Gambling Disorder
Problem gambling, or compulsive gambling, is registered as an addiction in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), which is used by psychiatrists, health professionals and within the Australian legal system. Previously named 'pathological gambling', and classified as an impulse control disorder, gambling disorder is now categorised in substance-related and addictive disorders.

Gambling Services
Gambling services means the conduct of gaming or gambling activities that require Gaming Approvals, including operation of Online Gambling Services, retail sportsbooks, casinos, racinos, off-track betting, or hotel/casino resorts involving gambling, wagering or Sports Betting services or products.

Game Win
Player bets minus player wins.

Gaming Machines
Gaming machines operated in our shops have Category B2 and B3 content and Category C content as defined by the 2005 Gambling Act

Refers to a gap between cards of consecutive rank.

Someone who tips generously is termed as george in an online casino.

Grease is a slang that is used for bribes in an online casino.

Refers to playing poker for long hours and slowly building up profit.

Gross Winnings
The total amount returned from a winning bet, or a series of winning bets, including the initial stake(s).

GTD (Guaranteed)
Refer to casino or poker room is guaranteeing that there will be a minimum amount of money in the prize pool tournament.

The set of cards a player has in his possession during a round. This term is mostly used in table games. The cards dealt to a player in a card game such as blackjack, after the cards have been shuffled by the dealer.

Hand Rankings
Refers to the order of poker hands based on their strength. For example, a flush beats a straight but loses to a full house. While many variants of poker use the same hand rankings, some variants use different hand rankings.

A stage in tournaments where every table completes its current hand before the entire tournament moves on to the next hand.

A term used to describe a protruding bottom card when base dealing.

In blackjack, any hand that is not ‘soft’.

Hard Hand
A Blackjack hand consisting of any two cards other than an Ace.

Hard Ways
In craps, double 2s, double 3s, double 4s, and double 5s.

Gambling related harm can be divided into seven key areas: Financial harm, relationship disruption, emotional or psychological distress, decrements to health, cultural harm, reduced work or study performance and criminal activity. These harms can further be considered as general harms (which occur at any time), crisis harms, which are associated with attempts to seek help, and legacy harms, which occur long after gambling has ceased.

Heads Up
Refers to a poker hand where only two players are involved. This could refer to either the initial deal, or the later betting rounds after every other player folds.

Hero Call
A call made with a speculative hand in the hopes that our opponent is bluffing. Is hero calling ever a good idea?!

HH (Hand History)
A poker game feature that shows the history of the hands dealt to the player. This feature is most helpful for learning to make calculations and generally helps keep track of your game. You can use the gathered data to develop better strategies.

High Hand
A poker hand where we don’t hold a pair or stronger. The strength of our hand is defined by its highest card (Aces are high in most variants).

High Roller / Casino Gamblers
The term ‘High Roller’ describes gamblers who participate in the highest-stakes games. It doesn’t apply exclusively to poker. Any player who wagers impressive sums of money! Many live casino games offer special high roller tables with increased bet limits.

Hijack / Hijack Seat
A position at the poker table, refers to the position to the immediate right of the “cutoff” and two seats to the right of the “button.” Also considered late position in a full ring game of hold'em or Omaha (i.e., nine- or ten-handed).

Hit / Twist
Used in online blackjack, a hit is a request for another card. We “hit” when a card falls that gives us a decent hand. “We held a flush draw on the turn but hit on the river”.

Hold’em / Cadillac of Poker
The most popular poker variant. In hold'em, a pair in the hole that is larger than any community card on the board. A straight completed from the outside by one of two possible cards. For example, if your pocket cards are 5-6 and the flop shows 4-7-king, either a 3 or an 8 on the turn or river would complete your open-ended straight.

Hole Card
A Hole Card is the face down card a dealer receives during a game of blackjack. In other table games, a hole card is the card the player receives. In Hold’em players are dealt two hole cards while in Omaha they are dealt four.

Hot Streak
An extended run of good luck.

Hot Table
A gaming table where all or most players are winning.

House Edge / Edge
The built-in advantage that the casino has in all games. It is usually gained by paying out at odds slightly below the true odds of winning, and is expressed as a house edge. A game with a 2% house edge, for example, should net the casino a $2 profit for every $100 wagered in the long run.

House Hold / Casino's Hold / Theoretical Hold
The share of chips the player has bought that is won back by the casino.

House Rules
Games rules that are specific to a particular casino, or the regulations of a particular video slot or table game including buy-ins.

ICM (Independent Chip Modelling)
Refers to a mathematical technique of assigning real monetary values to tournament chips.

Implied Odds
A pot odds calculation factoring in the additional chips we stand to win on later streets if we make our hand.

Refers to any encouragement or persuasion to participate in a gambling activity. Examples of inducements may be an offer of free credit, a voucher for signing up to a betting account, a gift for referring a friend, or by the way of a reward for frequenting a particular venue. Victoria does not allow promotions for gambling in the form of inducements.

Inside Bets / Instant Bet / Instant Play
(1) An inside bet is a bet placed on inside the numbers in a game of Roulette. (2)

Inside Straight Draw / Gutshot / Gutshot Straight Draw / Belly Buster
A type of straight draw where we are waiting on a card on the inside of our structure to complete the straight. For example, we hold 5,6,8,9 and need to hit a 7 in order to complete our straight.

It is a bet which is offered to the player in online blackjack when his face up card is an ace. A side wager made with another player at the table. If hero’s hand does not hold up, he’ll receive an insurance payout from the other player.

Insurance Bet / Double-sided Wager
Two or more bets that cover each other.

Interactive Gambling
Refers to the range of activities that are offered through interactive media, including computers, mobile and smart phones, tablets, and digital television. The term interactive gambling is largely interchangeable with internet, remote and online gambling.

Keno is a game in which a player bets that their chosen numbers will match any of the 20 numbers randomly selected, via a computer system or a ball draw device, from a group of 80 numbers.

The highest card to play into 1 pair and high card, or 5/4/3 of a kind, or 2 pairs. Or cards that don’t directly formulate a hand but still contribute to the overall strength of a hand since they are used as side cards. In scenarios where two players have the same hand, the best kickers will win.

Kill Game
A situation where a third blind is created. It occurs only under specific circumstances outlined in the casino rules, so be sure to study those before you start playing.

LAG (Loose Aggressive)
Describes a player who plays many starting hands in an aggressive manner.

Land-based Casino /Offline Casinos
All casinos that are not online.

Last Longer
A side bet wagered between tournament participants to see who lasts longer. The last player to bust out of the tournament wins the bet.

Late Position
A position near the end (last seat). It’s one of the most advantageous positions at the table as it allows you to make a bet when you have the majority of the information.

To make a fold. Sometimes implies reluctance to ditch the hand. “We thought for a long time but eventually made the laydown”.

Refers to thinking on different levels when playing a hand of poker.

Refers to chips that have an influence on correct strategy despite the fact that they are not currently in play.

Limit (s)
Generally used to describe a game with a fixed-limit betting structure. All bets and raises occur in fixed increments. The minimum and maximum amounts that can be staked on a single bet.

Limit Poker
A betting structure in poker variants where players must bet or raise in pre-decided fixed increments.

Describes the action of just calling when there is no raise before us on the first betting round.

Live Casino
Game type which means a casino game with real dealers, broadcast over videolink in real time from a gaming studio, such as roulette and blackjack.

Live Common Draw Blackjack
Live Common Draw Blackjack is a type of Live Casino Blackjack game where many players can participate simultaneously, unlike traditional blackjack which permits

Live Dealer Games
Online casino games where players can play against real dealers using real gaming tables via real time video feeds.

Live Hand
A hand that you are currently playing.

The area of an online casino where you can choose which games you are going to play.

Lottery / Lotto
A lottery is procedure for distributing something (usually money or prizes) among a group of people by lot or by chance. The most common type of lottery involves many people purchasing lottery tickets to win a major prize. In some cases, the winning tickets are drawn from a barrel composed of all tickets sold (called sweepstakes). In other cases, a set of numbered balls are randomly drawn from a barrel and winning tickets must match the numbers drawn. Popular public lotteries in Australia are Powerball, Oz Lotto and Set for Life.

Low Hand / Lowball
Refers to a poker variant which makes use of a “low” hand ranking system. The easiest way to conceptualize this is with the phrase “worst hand wins” although it’s slightly more complex than this in reality. In lowball variants of poker the objective is to make the best “low hand”. Check out this glossary entry for a guide on how different low hand rankings work across several poker variants.

Low-risk Gambling
Low-risk gambling is characterised by the experience of a low level of problems with few or no identified negative consequences.

Refers to a player type whose style can be characterized with the words “loose and crazy”.

Manual Flush
A feature that allows for immediate transfer of the winnings from the casino to the banking operator (bank, e-wallet).

An amount of money that may be loaned to player for the purposes of wagering in the casino, providing that player has an established line of credit.

Max Cashout
Maximum cashout limit. Usually applies to no deposit bonus and some very large match bonuses.

Mental Game
Refers to the discipline of looking to better one’s mental outlook when playing poker at the tables. This glossary entry provides a guide for developing a stronger mental game.

Middle Position
Middle position in poker refers to the hijack, lojack and mp1 on a full ring poker table. It refers exclusively to the hijack on a 6-handed table.

To accidentally perform the wrong action when playing in an online setting. Chiefly used to describe clicking in the wrong location (or accidentally clicking) with a mouse.

Moderate-risk Gambling
Moderate-risk gambling is characterised by the experience of a moderate level of problems from gambling, with some negative consequences, like spending more than you can afford, losing track of time or feeling guilty about your gambling.

Describes a board texture (or hand structure in some cases) where all cards are of the same suit.

Monster / Very Strong Poker Hand
In poker simply refers to an extremely strong hand, regardless of the street. Players who are constantly afraid of their opponents making big hands are said to suffer from “monster-under-the-bed syndrome”.

In video poker and draw poker games, to discard. To return a losing hand to the dealer at showdown without showing it to the table. Mucking is usually allowed when we are the caller on the final street, but not if we took the last aggressive action before showdown.

Multi-Hand Game
Any game where players can play more than one hand at once.

Multi-Player Game / Multi-player / MultiPlayer Casino
Players playing against other players online in money games. Any game where more than one player can take part at the same time. This allows a player to play in real-time with other players seated at the same table. Available for our Live Casino games only. It is not available for our RNG games.

The ability to enjoy our games on various platforms, such as desktop, tablets, mobile and land-based gaming machines.

Nash Equilibrium
A game theory concept. A Nash equilibrium is reached when all players are perfectly balanced and cannot improve their winrate by deviating from their current strategy.

Net Winnings
The profit made by a player from a winning bet, or a series of winning bets.

Network Jackpot
This type of jackpot is made up of bets from players across all online casinos that host it. An example of this would be NetEnt’s Mega Fortune.

Describes an extremely risk averse player who hardly plays any of his starting hands. A nit simply hopes to wait for premium holdings and get a big payout.

Niu Niu / Bull Bull / Bullfight / Cow Cow
A variant of poker where cards are arranged into 2 rows and compared against our opponent’s rows to see who wins points. This is a simple card game often described as a Chinese version of Poker and played on live dealer tables in online casinos. The rules of the game is pretty simple: The dealer will deal 5 cards to each players and reveal them when the dealing is done. The players with highest rank will win the game. The word "niu" in Chinese can be translated to cow, bull, or ox.

NLHE (No Limit Texas Hold'em)
No Limit Texas Hold'em is different to Limit Hold'em in that players can bet an unlimited amount of money when the action is on them. In poker, "no limit texas hold'em" is a game where each player at the table is dealt two hole cards and there are five cards in the middle (the flop, turn and river) that are considered to be community cards. Each player at the table can use their hole cards to make their best possible hand.

The term “no limit” refers to a betting structure where players are allowed to bet or raise any amount at any given time.

Non-problem Gambling
Non-problem gambling is characterised by the experience of no negative consequences from gambling.

A term used to designate ultra high stakes cash game action, typically 5knl and above.

Nut Flush / Ace-high Flush / Nut Flush Draw
The Ace high flush. Often the stone cold nuts in games such as PLO and NLHE.

The lowball version of “the nuts”. It describes the best possible low hand in a lowball (or split pot) variant of poker.

The best possible hand considering the community cards. The nuts can never lose, it can only chop.

Online Gambling / Online Gaming / Digital Gambling / Digital Gaming
Online gambling can be defined as being involved in betting on casinos or sports over the internet. Well, it is also known as Internet Gambling or e-gambling. Usually, credit cards are used to place the bet, and win or losses are enjoyed thereby.

Online Gambling Service
Online gambling services means a service which involves wagering a stake with monetary value in games of chance, including those with an element of skill such as lotteries, casino games, poker games and betting transactions that are provided at a physical location, or by any means at a distance, by electronic means or any other technology for facilitating communication, and at the individual request of a recipient of services

Optimal Strategy
In certain games there is a “correct” way to play which will give players the best chance of winning (or rather minimize their chances of losing). This is way of playing is known as optimal strategy.

Outside Bets
Bets whereby chips are placed outside the number layout in online roulette.

A slang term used for any jack, queen or king in a deck of cards.

The amount returned to a player after a winning bet.

Payout Percentage
The total amount returned to players in the long run, expressed as a percentage of money staked. A game with a payout percentage of 98%, for example, will return an average of $98 for every $100 wagered.

Payout Table
Displays the amount that can be won for the various winning combinations on a slot game, or for winning hands at video poker, or any winning bets at a table game.

Land based casinos are generally divided into various separate pits, with each pit containing a number of gaming tables. The central area of each set of tables is restricted to players, and only casino employees can enter.

Pit Boss
A casino employee responsible for overseeing a specific pit, ensuring that the correct policies are followed and dealing with any issues or disputes that may arise.

Play For Fun
Most online casinos offer play for fun versions of some or all of their games, where players can try the games without having to risk any of their own real money.

There's much debate around poker's past. Some believe it originated in Persia but others think it evolved from the game Poque played in 1900s France. It is any of a number of card games in which players wager over which hand is best according to that specific game's rules in ways similar to these rankings.

Prize Pool
The total amount of money that is distributed among the winners in a poker tournament.

Progression Betting
A betting style. Positive progression involves increasing stakes after a win and negative progression involves increasing stakes after a loss.

Progressive Jackpot
A type of jackpot that grows over time until it is won.

A casino located at a horse racing track.

Rewards Scheme
A method for online casinos to reward their players based on their playing activity.

The fifth and final card dealt to the community board in Texas Hold'em, after the flop and turn.

A casino game where a numbered wheel with a ball within will be spun. The player has to predict where a ball will land. See the full history of roulette.

Royal Flush
A Straight Flush which includes an Ace.

A box of some kind used to hold and dispense cards at gaming tables.

The act of randomly mixing up a deck of cards so their order is uncertain.

Sic-bo / Tai-sai / Dai-siu / Big & Small / Hi-lo
Sic bo is a casino game that originated in ancient China and is played with three dice. The literal meaning of sic bo is “precious dice” or “dice pair”, while dai siu and dai sai mean “big small”.

Side Bet
A type of bet that can be placed in some casino games, on an outcome that is not directly related to the result of the game. For example, in some blackjack variants you can place a side bet on whether the total value of your first two cards will be higher or lower than 13.

Snake Eyes
The outcome in a game of Craps when both dice show a one.

An option available in a game of Blackjack, allowing players to split the first two cards dealt in two separate hands, providing they are of the same value.

The size of a bet as well as the amount of money invested in a bet.

Declining the option to be dealt another card in a game of Blackjack.

A slang term used by dealers to refer to a player that doesn’t tip.

Straight Flush
A Poker hand consisting of five cards of sequential rank and same suit.

Straight Up Bet
A Roulette bet on a single number.

Street Bet
An Inside Roulette bet on 3 sequential numbers; pays 11:1.

Sucker Bet
A wager that gives the house a significantly larger house edge than most other bets, especially when on the same game.

A family of playing cards; each standard deck has four suits - Clubs, Spades, Hearts and Diamonds.

T&C (Terms and Conditions)
Rules that dictate who may play at a casino, player rights and warranties, banking and bonus policies, and all other aspects of using the casino’s services.

Table Hold
The total profit made by a gaming table over a specified period of time.

Table Stakes
A situation where a player is allowed to go all-in when they run out of chips. It’s a rule used in many casinos.

TAG (Tight Aggressive)
Describes an aggressive player who enters the pot with a relatively tight and strong range of holdings.

Teen Patti / Teen Pathi
Means "three cards". It is an Indian gambling game, also known as Flush (or Flash), and is almost identical to the British game 3 Card Brag. An international 52 card pack is used, cards ranking in the usual order from ace (high) down to two (low). Any reasonable number of players can take part; it is probably best for about 4 to 7 players.

Tell / Read
A tell is an unconscious indication from our opponent that he has a certain type of holding.

Texas Hold'em
Played in Texas throughout the 1900s, Texas Hold'em was introduced to Las Vegas casinos in 1967 and was originally just called Hold'em.

Usually refers to the board texture in community card games such as Hold’em and Omaha but could ultimately be used to describe any group of cards such as boards in Stud.

Theoretical Loss
The theoretical loss is the amount of money a player is expected to lose based on the long run statistical advantage the casino has on the particular game being played.

Third Base
In multi-player table games (especially blackjack), the last player to act.

Three of a Kind
We make this hand when we hold three cards of identical rank along with two kickers.

Three Pair
A term that is used mostly in Omaha variants. Only two of the pairs count, but the third pair provides additional outs to make a boat.

Refers to the third bet in a sequence of bets.

Tie / Push
A game outcome where opponents tie and all bets are returned to the affected player as well as when two hands are of equivalent strength and hence split/chop the pot.

Refers to playing poker with an affected mental state – especially anger, but also fear, lack of motivation etc etc.

A request for a timeout in a tournament. It’s mostly used in situations where a player has to do some deep thinking about their next move. The length of ‘time’ and specific regulations of its use should be outlined in the tournament rules.

Time Bank / Tank
The optional extra time available to online poker players during a hand as well as the act of thinking about a decision at the tables.

Time Buy-in
A fixed amount of money charged for the right to participate in certain games for a period of time.

Toke / Tip
A slang term for a tip given to a dealer.

Top Pair
A pair that has the highest card on the flop.

Tracking Software
Software that tracks poker results along with a range of other features.

To play a strong made hand passively in the hope that our opponent launches a big bluff.

Commonly used term to describe a card of rank “Three”.

In poker and poker-based casino games, slang for three-of-a-kind.

The fourth of five cards dealt to the community board in Texas Hold'em.

Turnover / Rollover / Play-through
Turnover is the expression used to describe the amount wagered. It is all the money bet before any winnings are paid out or losses incurred. It does not include any additional charges that may also be paid at the point of purchase, such as the selling agents' commission in the case of lotteries.

Two Pair
A hand made by holding two sets of pairs along with one kicker.

Two Two / Pocket Twos / Ducks
This is the worst pocket pair you can get in the Hold’em variant of poker, but you can still win a huge pot if you flop a set. You'll hit a set approximately 1 time for every 8 tries.

The second bet in a betting sequence.

Describes a board texture or group of cards consisting of two distinct suits.

Under the Gun
A name for the player, who sits on the left of the blind before the flop or a term used to describe the player who is first to act on the first betting round.

A bet sizing less than 50% of the pot.

A bettor who has won but has not been paid.

Up the Ante
A common expression meaning to “up the stakes”. Also can be used to described the increase antes on each blind level of a poker tournament.

A prolonged period of winning (especially when the winrate is higher than anticipated). I.e. running good.

A term used to describe the ups and downs of a poker players career. Variance is much larger than many players realise. This glossary entry should help to put things into perspective.

A particular brand of poker: there are many. For example, Hold’em, Omaha, Stud, 5-card Draw etc etc.

Video Streaming
Footage of live casino games is streamed to your computer or mobile device using video streaming and cutting edge studio cameras.

A common poker term used to describe our opponent in a hand of poker.

VIP Player
A player who is considered high value by a casino, usually because they play very regularly and/or for high stakes.

VIP Player / VIP
A player who is considered high value by a casino, VIP live players may get special benefits from their online casino, including personalised bonuses and their own account manager.

VPIP (Voluntarily Put in Pot)
It’s a percentage which describes how often a player voluntarily invests chips into the pot preflop when given the opportunity. High VPIP means a loose player.

A hand is vulnerable if it is susceptible to being outdrawn.

WAP (Wide-area Progressive)
A progressive jackpot for a single game shared at all casinos that offer the game.

Describes a board texture with excellent coordination, allowing for a large number of possible draws.

A high value player; one that loses regularly and/or plays for large stakes as well as an extremely bad poker player. Especially used to describe bad poker players at higher stakes games.

The Ace to Five straight. This is an especially strong hand in PLO8 since it has a shot at winning both the high and the low pot.

Wild Card
A special card that can complete any hand to turn it into a win. These are only present in a few games and all of them have 5-of-a-kind as the maximum hand.

The net win from gaming activities,which is the difference between gaming wins and losses before deducting costs and expenses.

A situation where all the cards in your pocket are of the same rank.

Making a withdrawal from your online casino account means requesting funds are paid back to you via the payment method of your choice.

WR (Wagering Requirements)
Online casino bonuses usually come with wagering requirements, which dictate how much a player must wager on games before they can make a withdrawal of any winnings associated with a bonus.

WTSD (Went to Showdown)
It’s a measure of how often a player goes on to see showdown after seeing a flop.